How Much You Know About American Drama? 你所不知的美剧文化
American TV series always be broadcasted just after shooting. Every season from the middle of September to late April every year, which is fixed time to broadcast. As an important symbol of American popular culture, American TV series do not rigidly adhere to the material and topic, while its form of sophisticated production, diversified and unremitting pursuit of art are continuing to attract global audiences’ eyes.
SITUATION COMEDY 情景喜剧
Situat ion comedy is a comedy show composed of the quality of story and skill of actor. Almost all the situation comedies are about 30 minutes every set, while some are about 60 minutes every set (including advertising time). Most of the situation comedies are fixed multi camera in indoor studios, generally with a live audience i n l a u g h t e r recording. A small part of situation comedies show as a false documentary with single shot, without pre recorded “canned laughter”. Classic Situation Comedy: Friends, Will & Grace, Modern Family.
情景喜剧是一种喜剧演出模式，由剧本品质与演员功力双环构成。大部分每集长度为30 分钟左右，也有一集60 分钟左右的（包含广告时间）。大部分情景喜剧是在固定的摄影棚内多机位拍摄的，通常为室内戏，一般还会有现场观众参与笑声录制。小部分以伪纪录片方式呈现，单镜头拍摄，往往没有预先录制的“罐头笑声”。经典情景喜剧：《老友记》、《威尔与格蕾丝》、《摩登家庭》。
SOAP OPERA 肥皂剧
House wives are the main audiences of soap opera, whose sponsors are companies of daily necessities with the stage of ordinary family living environment. Daytime soap operas fixed 5 episodes
every day during t h e day. Every episode has a number of narrative lines to push the story to a moving climax in a week. Daytime soap opera produced higher, cost lower and production cycle is shorter, while an evening soap opera is similar to the daytime’s on the side of structure, which is broadcasted in the evening prime time. Classic Situation Comedy:Beacon Light, Dynasty.
DRAMA SERIES 情节系列剧
In the United States, in addition to Situation Comedy and Soap Opera, other programs are drama series, whose structures are basically the same. Each episode is divided into prologue, the main play, titles and the end of the movie. The drama series 24 Hours is the best example. Some American series told about only one or very few storylines, such as Murder, Right, while some dramas
included lots of story clues, such as Suspect. In those dramas, plots and clues were often associated with each other, which were finally combined to form a whole story, with the absorbed plot, which is passed off without mishap.
UNIT PLAY 单元剧
Each set of unit play is selfcontained with compact structure, but closely related to the rest of the collection and the main characters will not change easily. Classic Drama Unit : Community Alliance, NCIS, Law And Order: Special Victims.
Sitcoms always divided into several episodes. The main characters will not be changed easily. Classic Sitcom: Lost, Homeland Security, Crisis Edge.
ANTHOLOGY SERIES 诗选剧
Composed with many independent stories, which had no connection between each other, anthology series were divided into three modes: 1. Each episode contains several independent stories,
such as Love Marks; 2. Each set is completed independently, such as Hitchcock Theatre; 3. Each season is separate from other chapters, such as American Horror Story and True Exploration and